Kuwait was associated with Iraq by special relations ranging from
dependence and association. During the Ottoman era, Kuwait was a
district of the Basra Province. However, this Ottoman sovereignty was
nominal because of British influence in the Gulf, which dates back to
1899 when the sheikhs of Kuwait and several other Gulf emirates
signed protection treaties with Britain. They became the sheikhs
following the British policy under its protection, which brought
Kuwait to independence in 1961. Independence came immediately
after Iraq’s claim to annex Kuwait to its territory under the government
of Abdul Kareem Qasim. Iraqi-Kuwaiti relations remained and at
times fluctuated with tension, especially after the end of the Iran-Iraq
war. The relationship is strained because of Iraq’s claim to the Gulf
States of war compensation, which led to the invasion of Iraqi forces
in Kuwait on 2 August 1990. Furthermore, this resulted in an Arab and
international crisis that was the result of an international coalition
resolution of the UN Security Council to remove Iraqi forces from
Kuwait by force, which was done by the end of January 1991. This
crisis has received great international attention and from most
countries of the world. The international media has conveyed the
details of the crisis and its developments on a daily basis. Western
countries have taken care of this event because of its great influence on
the international interests in the Gulf region, particularly because of
the oil importance of this region. The crisis has shown that there is an
Arab, regional and international rejection of the Iraqi invasion and that
it was a serious mistake. Various newspapers, channels and political
analysts noted the active contribution of a number of Arab countries,
even on the military side, including Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Morocco and
Syria, with reservations from a number of other Arab countries for
military action such as Jordan and Yemen, and that the crisis must be
resolved politically.